Systematics and Biogeography
Actinocephalus polyanthus (Bong.) Sano - Eriocaulaceae, from “Serra do Cipó”, MG, Brazil. Courtesy of Prof. Paulo Sano.
Plant Anatomy
Translator of Oxypetalum banksii subsp. banksii Roem. & Schult. (Apocynaceae) stained with Nile blue. Courtesy of Prof. Diego Demarco.
Red forms of Gracilaria dominguensis (Rhodophyta) occuring in the same populations of the coast of Paracuru (State of Ceará, Brazil). Courtesy of Prof. Estela Plastino.
Plant Developmental Biology
The blushing bromeliad Neoregelia carolinae during initiation of flowering, when the center of the rosette turns red. Courtesy of Prof. Helenice Mercier.
Integrative Plant Biology
Gradient of cell wall degradation in roots of sugarcane visualized with immunoflourescence for the polysaccharide beta-glucan. Courtesy of Prof. Marcos Buckeridge.
3D-isoplot obtained by high performance liquid chromatography showing the UV-Vis absorption of a plant extract (240-600 nm). Courtesy of Prof. Cláudia Furlan.
Plant Regulatory Networks
Zygotic and somatic embryogenesis in Araucaria angustifolia. Courtesy of Prof. Eny Floh.
Teaching in Botany
Didactic activities on marine biodiversity with students from a public school in the State of São Paulo. Courtesy of Prof. Suzana Ursi.



The Department of Botany is committed to the mission of excellence in innovative research and to providing a superior education in many aspects of plant biology and related life sciences. Founded back in 1934, the Department has a long-standing tradition in research and training students, leading the way in diverse areas of plant biology, including systematics and biogeography, plant anatomy and morphology, ecology, biochemistry and molecular biology, among others. The Department is also strongly committed to maintaining academic excellence, offering 28 courses in the Undergraduate Program in Biological Sciences and an outstanding Graduate Program that integrates the state of the art of scientific developments in the different fields and awakens the student curiosity and creativity.

The Department of Botany maintains an excellent infrastructure, including modern laboratories, an external experimental area with greenhouses and gardens for didactic and experimental use, the Herbarium SPF that holds up to 300,000 samples of algae and vascular plants and the Xylotheque “Nanuza Luiza de Menezes” with thousands of wood samples.

The faculty of the Department of Botany is formed by 25 professors and develops ground-breaking research in the following major areas: I) Plant Anatomy, II) Phycology, III) Plant Developmental Biology, IV) Integrative Plant Biology, V) Phytochemistry, VI) Plant Regulatory Networks, VII) Systematics and Biogeography and VIII) Teaching in Botany.


Currently, the major research lines of the Department of Botany include:

- Ontogeny, Phylogeny and Evolution of Plant Tissues and Organs
- Developmental Anatomy of Native and Exotic Species and their Adaptation to Different Ecosystems
- Dendrochronology, Paleobotany and Paleoethnobotany
- Diversity, Evolution and Physiology of Algae
- Structure and Ecology of Benthic Communities
- Plant Signaling Mechanisms in Response to the Environment
- Plant Hormones, Nitrogen Nutrition, ROS and NO Signaling and CAM Metabolism
- Lignin Metabolism and Cell Wall Engineering
- Plant Cell Wall Architecture, Degradation and Bioinformatics
- Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Plants to the Environment
- Genomics Mechanisms Behind Diversification of Plants
- Chemical Ecology, Chemotaxonomy and Molecular Systematics of Plants
- Identification and Characterization of Natural Products from Plants and Microorganisms
- Signaling Processes Regulating Growth and Development in Plants
- Understanding and Manipulation of Plant Metabolism for Nutritional Quality Improvement
- Systematics, Evolution, Biogeography and Conservation of Neotropical Plants
- Floristic Studies in Brazilian Biomes
- Development of Teaching Tools in Botany
- Environmental Education in Marine Ecosystems