Occurrence of filamentous fungi associated with stingless bees Melipona in meliponaries at the metropolitan region of Manaus, Amazonas

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Autor / Author

João Raimundo Silva de Souza, Maria Inez de Moura Sarquis, Mozanil Correa Pantoja, Pedro de Queiroz Costa Neto, José Odair Pereira, Rozana de Medeiros Sousa Galvão, Maria Ivone Lopes da Silva

Resumo

Microbiota is the set of microorganisms, mainly fungi and bacteria, that are usually associated
with tissues and organs of animals or plants. Bee-associated microorganisms can interact with their host in different ways, but the hole of ectomicroorganisms still scarce. In order to evaluate the occurrence of filamentous fungi on the body surface of stingless bees (Melipona spp.), in artificial beehives of the metropolitan region of Manaus, bees of two meliponaries were studied. All screened bees showed the occurrence of fungi on their body surface, where the genera Penicillium, Fusarium, Acremonium and Cladosporium were more frequent, representing more than 70% of the colonies identified. It remains to be seen whether the fungal microbiota associated with stingless bees is transient, permanent or whether they are performing some specific function.

Keywords: microorganism, filamentous fungi, Melipona, stingless bees.